(HealthDay)—In patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) and birch pollen allergy, consumption of birch pollen-related foods is associated with allergic reactions and deterioration of AD, according to a study published online April 13 in Allergy.
Anja Wassmann-Otto, Ph.D., from Hannover Medical School in Germany, and colleagues conducted double-blind placebo-controlled food challenges (DBPCFC) in 182 children and adults with AD and suspected birch pollen-related food allergy.
The researchers found that 65 patients developed allergic reactions (responders) to DBPCFC with birch pollen-related foods (103 DBPCFC). Of those with allergic reactions, 32 patients exhibited significant deterioration of AD. Compared to nonresponders, responders showed significantly higher specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) levels to birch pollen and apple in addition to a higher prevalence of allergic rhinoconjunctivitis. Patients with late eczematous response could not be differentiated by specific IgE levels from those with isolated immediate type reactions.
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